Drain fields are important in the function of any septic system. The drain field is responsible for filtering contaminants out of wastewater so that this water doesn't fill up your septic tank. When working properly, the drain field is efficient. When damaged, a drain field can create serious problems and compromise the function of the entire septic system it serves. If you can identify some of the reasons a drain field may sustain damage, you can take immediate action to repair any damage before the drain field fails completely in the future.
1. Soil Compaction
Every homeowner who relies on a septic system should know where their drain field is located. Driving heavy machinery (like a car or RV) over the surface of the drain field could cause the soil to compact.
Drain fields filter wastewater by percolating it through the soil. Compacted soil has no voids in which the wastewater can flow, so sometimes the water begins to back up into the septic tank and, eventually, the plumbing fixtures in your home. If you suspect soil compaction is causing problems with your drain field, contact a septic professional to make immediate repairs.
Floods can pose a serious risk to your drain field. The excess water causes the soil to become oversaturated. With no place to go, wastewater is pushed back into the septic tank. An influx of water into your septic tank can cause fats and debris to rise along with the water level.
The fats and debris can clog up your pump chambers and tank outlet. As floodwaters recede and the water level in your septic tank declines, the clogs formed during the flood can remain. You will need to have your septic tank pumped regularly to keep fats and debris inside the tank to a minimum.
Immediately pump the tank after a flood so that the drain field will have the ability to backflow into the tank when needed without causing serious clogs.
3. Aging Pipes
A septic drain field is essentially a network of perforated pipes that are buried beneath the surface of the ground. These pipes can deteriorate or weaken with age.
Experts estimate that the lifespan of a drain field is anywhere from 10 to 30 years. You can extend the life of your drain field by immediately replacing any pipes that are no longer working properly. Installing new pipes will allow the drain field to function more efficiently as a whole.
To get help with septic tank drain field repair, contact a construction company near you.
My name is Sara Jenkins and I am the daughter of a plumber. As a young girl, I was not very impressed by what my father did for a living, but I loved spending time with him so I was thrilled each time he asked me to help with a repair around the house. What I didn't realize at the time was that my father was teaching me skills that would prove incredibly useful in my adult life. Today, thanks to him, I have completed a long list of plumbing jobs in my own home without the need to hire a contractor. This blog is my way of saying thank you to him by sharing all of the things that he has taught me about home repairs and construction.